collapse

collapse col∙lapse verb ›› OF BUILDING 建筑物 1. [V] to fall down or fall in suddenly, often after breaking apart • (突然)倒塌,坍塌 【SYN】 give way :
»The roof collapsed under the weight of snow.
房顶在雪的重压下突然坍塌下来。
›› OF SICK PERSON 病人 2. [V] to fall down (and usually become unconscious), especially because you are very ill / sick • (尤指因病重而)倒下,昏倒,晕倒:
»He collapsed in the street and died two hours later.
他昏倒在大街上,两小时后便去世了。
›› RELAX 放松 3. [V] (informal) to sit or lie down and relax, especially after working hard • (尤指工作劳累后)坐下,躺下放松:
»When I get home I like to collapse on the sofa and listen to music.
回到家时,我喜欢倒在沙发上听音乐。
›› FAIL 失败 4. [V] to fail suddenly or completely • 突然失败;崩溃;瓦解 【SYN】 break down :
»Talks between management and unions have collapsed.
资方与工会的谈判已告破裂。
»All opposition to the plan has collapsed.
所有反对此计划的力量均已消除。
›› OF PRICES / CURRENCIES 价格;货币 5. [V] to decrease suddenly in amount or value • (突然)降价,贬值;暴跌:
»Share prices collapsed after news of poor trading figures.
在交易数额不佳的消息公布后,股票价格暴跌。
›› FOLD 摺叠 6. to fold sth into a shape that uses less space; to be able to be folded in this way • 摺叠;套缩;可摺叠(或套缩) 【SYN】 fold up : ▪ [V]
»The table collapses for easy storage.
这桌子可摺叠起来方便存放。
▪ [also VN] ›› MEDICAL 医学 7. [V VN] if a lung or blood vessel collapses or is collapsed, it falls in and becomes flat and empty • (肺或血管)萎陷 col∙lapsed adj.:
»collapsed buildings
坍塌的建筑物
»a collapsed investment bank
破产的投资银行
»a collapsed lung
萎陷的肺
noun ›› FAILURE 失败 1. [C, usually sing., U] a sudden failure of sth, such as an institution, a business or a course of action • 突然失败,倒闭,崩溃(如机构、生意或行动的):
»the collapse of law and order in the area
该地区治安的瘫痪
»The peace talks were on the verge of collapse.
和平谈判濒于破裂。
›› OF BUILDING 建筑物 2. [U] the action of a building suddenly falling • (突然的)倒塌,塌陷,垮掉:
»The walls were strengthened to protect them from collapse.
围墙已加固以防倒塌。
›› ILLNESS 疾病 3. [U, C, usually sing.] a medical condition when a person suddenly becomes very ill / sick, or when sb falls because they are ill / sick or weak • 病倒;(因病或体弱的)昏倒,晕倒:
»a state of mental / nervous collapse
精神/神经的崩溃状态
»She was taken to hospital after her collapse at work.
她在工作时晕倒后被送进了医院。
›› OF PRICES / CURRENCIES 价格;货币 4. [C, usually sing.] a sudden fall in value • 突然降价;突然贬值;暴跌:
»the collapse of share prices / the dollar / the market
股票价格/美元/市场价格暴跌
* * *
[kә'læps]
n. 倒塌, 崩潰, 失敗, 虛脫
vi. 倒塌, 崩潰, 瓦解, 失敗, 病倒

English-Chinese dictionary. 2013.

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  • Collapse — Col*lapse , v. i. [imp. & p. p. {Collapsed}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Collapsing}] [L. collapsus, p. p. of collabi to collapse; col + labi to fall, slide. See {Lapse}.] 1. To fall together suddenly, as the sides of a hollow vessel; to close by falling or …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Collapse — Pays d’origine  France Genre musical Metal industriel Années d activité 1994 – Aujourd hui Labels …   Wikipédia en Français

  • collapse — ● collapse nom masculin (anglais collapse, affaissement) Dommage susceptible de survenir au cours du séchage artificiel du bois, se traduisant par des affaissements et des déformations internes …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • collapse — [n] downfall, breakdown bankruptcy, basket case*, cataclysm, catastrophe, cave in, conk out*, crackup*, crash, debacle, destruction, disintegration, disorganization, disruption, exhaustion, failure, faint, flop, prostration, ruination, ruining,… …   New thesaurus

  • collapse — [kə laps′] vi. collapsed, collapsing [< L collapsus, pp. of collabi < com , together + labi, to fall: see LAP1] 1. to fall down or fall to pieces, as when supports or sides fail to hold; cave in; shrink together suddenly 2. to break down… …   English World dictionary

  • Collapse — Col*lapse , n. 1. A falling together suddenly, as of the sides of a hollow vessel. [1913 Webster] 2. A sudden and complete failure; an utter failure of any kind; a breakdown. [Colloq.] [1913 Webster] 3. (Med.) Extreme depression or sudden failing …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • collapse — index catastrophe, debacle, decline, defeat, destruction, deteriorate, detriment, disaster, disease …   Law dictionary

  • collapse — (v.) 1732, from L. collapsus, pp. of collabi fall together, from com together (see COM (Cf. com )) + labi to fall, slip (see LAPSE (Cf. lapse)). The adj. collapsed is attested from c.1600, from L. collapsus, and perhaps this suggested a verb. R …   Etymology dictionary

  • collapse — ► VERB 1) suddenly fall down or give way. 2) (of a person) fall down as a result of physical breakdown. 3) fail suddenly and completely. ► NOUN 1) an instance of a structure collapsing. 2) a sudden failure or breakdown. ORIGIN …   English terms dictionary

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